There are a wide number of projects that established significant background work to be used within AnyPLACE in terms of architectures, data models, communications technologies and protocols, integration of end-users, market players and system operators. Among these are:
ADDRESS is an architecture where electrical appliances, distributed generation and thermal/electrical energy storage systems in homes are controlled and optimised by means of an Energy Box. This dedicated equipment interfaces with consumers and the aggregators, the latter being mediators between consumers and markets and therefore play a central role for both sides. The interaction between the power system participants was set through the exchange of real-time price signals and real-time control signals. Back to top
The objective of BEST PATHS @ is to prove the technical feasibility of novel power engineering technologies and to quantify the impacts and benefits to overcome the intrinsic development/deployment risk, bringing affordable technological solutions before 2020 to address the following overarching issues:
- What are the best paths to move from HVDC lines to HVDC grids?
- What are the new promising upgrading techniques for existing AC network?
- How replicable are the demonstration results within the entire pan-European systems. Back to top
The main objective of DISCERN (Distributed Intelligence for Cost-effective and Reliable Solutions) is the enhancement of European distribution grids with technical and organisational solutions for the optimal level of smart grid intelligence. The project will aim at giving DSOs the tools to answer complex questions like:
- How much intelligence do I need in my distribution network to ensure a cost effective and reliable operation of the network?
- What is the most cost-effective solution to implement this intelligence in the network?
- How should the ICT-infrastructure be designed to serve the requirements of a DSO? Back to top
The DREAM @project will lay the foundations for a novel hierarchical management approach of complex electrical power grids, providing new mechanisms for stable and cost effective integration of distributed renewable energy sources, as well as for enhanced consumer involvement in economic and ecological electricity use. Applying the principles of autonomous agent-based systems to the control and management of the electricity distribution grid will allow the system to constantly adjust to current operational conditions and make it robust to exogenous disturbances.Back to top
e-Highway 2050 @ aims at developing a new planning methodology able to deliver a coherent Modular Development Plans of the pan-European power transmission system, going up to 2050. The main objective of the project is the development of a methodology to support the planning of the pan-European transmission network up to 2050.
This planning approach is in line with European energy policy objectives to ensure the reliable delivery of renewable electricity and the pan-European electricity market integration. The resulting modular development plan (to be delivered by the end of 2015) will depict the route towards different pan-European grid architectures, addressing each of the five future power system scenarios which impact the pan-European transmission network most. The construction of the modular development plan involves a consortium of transmission system operators, research institutes, universities, industry associations and a non-governmental organisation. Back to top
Energy@Home targetted the increase of energy efficiency of a house system through information exchange related to energy usage, energy consumption and energy tariffs between smart devices and domestic appliances. A home residential gateway, with several interfaces (Wi-Fi, ZigBee and cable/ADSL), was used to coordinate the exchange of information between devices. It allowed end-users to receive market information and according to their needs and restrictions define different starting times of smart appliances to take advantage of advantageous energy prices or tariff schemes. Back to top
The high penetration of DER into the European power system requires a radical new solution to the real time grid operation. The ELECTRA Integrated Research Programme on Smart Grids proposes an approach on frequency and voltage control that envisages the deployment of flexibility resources, the provision of new ancillary services as well as the use of advanced ICT solutions to improve the observability and controllability of the 2030+ network. Back to top
evolvDSO @ addresses the main research and technology gaps that need to be solved for DSOs to efficiently fulfil their emerging and future roles in the European electricity system. evolvDSO will contribute to the transition to a more sustainable European energy system by maintaining and increasing the security and reliability of distribution grids facilitating the increased feed-in of DRES. Back to top
DSOs need to implement active distribution system management and market neutral approaches to face current challenges which require the adaptation of current roles and creation of new ones.To this regard, the Project identified eight (evolving or new) potential DSO roles to improve existing core DSO activities and the associated services DSOs should deliver to other parties of the electric power system. Thus the project investigated a limited number of relevant services by describing the associated business and system processes and their requirements. DSOs delivered an impact analysis with the aim of identifying the innovative functionalities and related tools to be developed. Back to top
With Flexiciency @ major Distribution System Operators with smart metering infrastructure in place, associated with electricity retailers, aggregators, software providers, research organisations and a large consumer, propose five large-scale demonstrations with real customers to show that the deployment of novel services in the electricity retail markets (from advanced monitoring to local energy control, and flexibility services) can be accelerated thanks to an open European Market Place for standardized interactions among all the electricity stakeholders. Back to top
Seven TSOs (Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Iceland, Norway), together with twelve RTD performers and one innovation management expert work with the 4-year GARPUR research project in order to design, develop, assess and evaluate new system reliability criteria and management to be progressively implemented over the next decades at a pan-European level, while maximising social welfare. Back to top
GRID+Storage supports the European Commission (DG Energy) in defining a European R&D roadmap integrating energy storage into grid research and innovation activities.Complementing the activities performed so far by the European Electricity Grid Initiative (EEGI) and the GRID+ project, a consortium formed by TECHNOFI, EASE, EDSO, ENTSO-E, RSE and VITO has been selected by the European Commission to support DG Energy and the Member states in defining a European R&D roadmap integrating energy storage into grid research and innovation activities, both at electricity transmission and distribution levels. Back to top
GRID4EU @ consists of six demonstrators which will be tested over a period of four years in each of the European countries represented in the consortium. The emphasis is put on fostering complementarities between these projects and on promoting transversal research and sharing results between the different energy distributors involved. GRID4EU brings together a consortium of 6 European energy distributors (ERDF, Enel Distribuzione, Iberdrola Distribucion, CEZ Distribuce, Vattenfall Eldistribution and RWE). GRID4EU also draws on the know-how of other industrial and scientific partners, thereby bringing together 27 partners. Back to top
The GridTech project conducts a fully integrated assessment of new grid-impacting technologies and their implementation into the European electricity system supporting the exploitation of the full potential of future electricity generation from renewable energy sources with the lowest possible total electricity system cost within the 2020, 2030 and 2050 time horizons. Back to top
The IDE4L project develop and demonstrate the entire system of distribution network automation, IT systems and applications for active distribution network management:
- Fault location, isolation and supply restoration
- Congestion management
- Interactions between distribution and transmission network companies. Back to top
The significant rise in distributed renewable energy sources has placed an enormous burden on the secure operation of the electrical grid, impacting both the transmission system and the distribution system operators. INCREASE wants to focus on how to manage renewable energy sources in LV and MV networks, provide ancillary services (towards DSOs but also TSOs), in particular voltage control and the provision of reserve. Back to top
(IntegratinG Renewables in the EuropEaN Electricity Grid) @project focuses on increasing the hosting capacity for Distributed Renewable Energy Sources (DRES) in power distribution grids without compromising the reliability or jeopardizing the quality of supply. The core of IGREENGrid is to share knowledge and promote the best practices identifying potential solutions for the effective integration of DRES in the six existing Demo Projects in LV and MV grids participating to the project and validating them via simulation in other environments to assess the scalability and replicability at EU level. Back to top
The goal of iTesla is to develop a toolbox to assess the security of power system situations from 2 days ahead to real time that addresses the following challenges:
- to perform accurate security assessment taking into account the dynamics of the system,
- to provide a risk-based assessment taking into account the different sources of uncertainties (intermittent generation)
- to provide operators with relevant curative actions when needed Back to top
NOBEL GRID will develop, deploy and evaluate advanced tools and ICT services for Smart Grid actors, enabling active prosumers’ involvement and flexibility of the market by means of new business models and integration of distributed renewable energy. Through the dual-use of telecommunication networks, NOBEL GRID will provide to all actors in the distribution grid and retail market better prices, more secure and stable grids and renewable electricity supply. Back to top
OPENMeter addressed the specification of set of open standards to be used on an Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) supporting electricity, gas, water and heat metering. Solutions like IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBee and IEEE 802.11 are reported as the most appropriate for the in-building domain, while UMTS and GPRS were deemed for the outside of the building domain. PLC solutions were shown to present some limitations and were not considered as a mature technology at the time but PRIME and IEC 61334-5-1 were considered as the best solutions to interconnect different meters within a building. The communication protocols, IEC 62056 / EN 13757-1 DLMS/COSEM and SML are presented as candidates to be used on data collection systems and metering equipment from different vendors. TCP/IP was also proposed to be used in the Internet and the in-building domains (e.g. 6LoWPAN, RPL). Back to top
OpenNode @ proposed an architecture combining smart metering with grid automation to enable reliable and efficient grid operation. The project focused on the development of an open secondary substation node, as an essential control component of the smart grid. To attain these goals, a middleware module that runs in the control centre of a distribution grid utility, is used to couple the secondary substations operation with the utilities systems for grid management and operation. A modular communication architecture based on standardized (ISO/IEC, IEEE, IETF, W3C) communication protocols was considered. Back to top
The main objective of PlanGridEV is to design new planning rules and operational principles for the optimal integration of EV for different network topologies and with different levels of DER penetration such as PV, wind and solar energy and micro CHP. Tools and methods will be developed that permit DSOs to design new or adapt existing planning rules and investment strategies to ensure technical efficiency and the cost-effective evolution of infrastructures to facilitate the mass roll-out of EV in networks characterised by different levels of DER penetration. Finally, recommendations for the regulatory framework and further developed business models will be elaborated. Back to top
The PV CROPS @ project addresses 3 key objectives:
- Improvement of performance, reliability and lifetime
- Cost reduction of PV systems
- Better integration of PV into grid
The results will lead to the following quantified impacts:
- 30% LCoE reduction
- 9% Performance Ratio increase
Reduction of PV power fluctuations to less than 10% in 10 min to allow 30% of PV penetration. Back to top
The SINGULAR @ project develops and demonstrates advanced forecasting, planning, scheduling and operation tools for the efficient management of insular electricity networks with large-scale penetration of variable renewable resources. SINGULAR investigates the effects of large-scale integration of renewables and demand-side management on the planning and operation of insular (non-interconnected) electricity grids, proposing efficient measures, solutions and tools towards the development of a sustainable and smart grid. Different network operation procedures and tools, based on innovative approaches of predictive electricity network operation, are developed. Back to top
Smart House/Smart Grid validated an ICT-enabled collaborative technical commercial aggregation of smart houses to provide higher levels of energy efficiency. An architecture that combines centralised with decentralised approaches, where prosumers negotiate and collaborate as an intelligent network in close interaction with their external environment was defined. The interactions are supported by a service oriented architecture that provides bidirectional energy management services, complemented by a multi-agent intelligent control system that supports service delivery by clusters of smart houses to wholesale market parties and grid operators and an in-house energy management system based on user feedback, real-time tariffs and intelligent control of appliances. Back to top
The SuSTAINABLE project will develop and demonstrate a new operation paradigm, leveraging information from smart meters and short-term localised predictions to manage distribution systems in a more efficient and cost-effective way, enabling a large-scale deployment of variable distributed resources. The SuSTAINABLE concept is based on the cloud principle, where the DSO;
- collects information from smart metering infrastructure and other distributed sensors, and communications from external partners, market operators, and maintenance staff;
- processes the information using tools such as distribution state-estimation, prediction tools, data mining, risk management and decision-making applications;
- communicates settings to power quality mitigation devices, protection relays and actuators, distribution components and distributed flexible resources; iv) assesses its market strategy as a provider of ancillary and balancing services. Back to top
UMBRELLA is an EC FP7 project that will provide a toolbox for TSOs to ensure secure grid operation also in future electricity networks with high penetration of intermittent renewables. It enables TSOs to act in a coordinated European target system where regional strategies converge to ensure the best possible use of the European electricity infrastructure. UMBRELLA is developing an innovative toolbox to support the decentralised grid security approach of TSOs, giving the opportunity to increase cooperation when facing the increased complexity in system’s operation. A decentralised network security analysis with everyone “on board” looking at the same results and evaluating solutions in a coordinated and optimised way, increases the efficiency of the network operation. Furthermore, UMBRELLA methodologies give a step forward in the evaluation of uncertainties and their impact in different operational timeframes, the introduction of risk-based assessment and optimisation of remedial actions. Back to top
The UPGRID project will develop and test innovative solutions for advanced operation and exploitation of LV and MV networks strengthening the capacity of distribution networks as an enabler for Distributed Generation and Active Demand and covering the needs and expectations of the rest of the actors in the electricity market. UPGRID proposes an open, standardised and integral improvement of the MV/LV grid addressing the constraints and needs of the more relevant actors. This aim at covering needs arisen from dealing with;
- poor observability of LV networks,
- local accumulation of distributed generation,
- risk and difficulties in managing the distribution network,
- aging infrastructure and
- Social and Environmental restrictions that inhibit the construction of infrastructure.
UPGRID will rely on 4 demonstrators supported by different transversal work packages that will define the demo scope and will analyse their results (impacts) based on the mentioned objectives.